Biggest Transport Hub In The World – The Hongqiao Global Transport Hub (Chinese: 虹桥电影交通枢纮; pinyin: Hóngqiáo Zōnghé Jiāotōng Shūniǔ) is a major intermodal passenger transportation hub located in the western suburban Changning and Minhang districts of Shanghai. The hub consists of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao Intercity Railway Station, three subway lines, buses, taxis and a maglev station reserved for future use. The Hongqiao center is the first of its kind in China, a model followed by various other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou,
Before intermodal transportation, Hongqiao Airport was rebuilt in 1964 as a new major airport in Shanghai. In 2005, the Ministry of Railways of China and the Shanghai Municipal Government officially presented the idea of the Hongqiao Global Transportation Hub. Shanghai Rainbow Investment Corp. In 2006, it was established by the Shanghai government as the sole authorized entity responsible for the hub construction and development project.
Biggest Transport Hub In The World
As part of the infrastructure plan for the World Expo 2010, the hub was completed before 2009 and opened for use before the 2010 Expo.
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Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic flights and regional flights to Japan and South Korea. Hongqiao Airport handled 40,460,135 passengers in 2016, making it the seventh busiest airport in China and the 45th busiest airport in the world.
Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station is one of the three main railway stations in Shanghai and the largest railway station in Asia.
It provides high-speed intercity rail services to all major cities in China. The most important and famous railway lines include the Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway, the Shanghai–Hangzhou High Speed Railway (the first part of the future Shanghai–Kunming High Speed Railway), and the Beijing–Shanghai High Speed Railway.
There are currently three subway lines serving the center: Line 2, Line 10, and Line 17. Line 2 (Shanghai Metro) is an east-west line that connects the center with the old city center, the Lujiazui financial district, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park, and the international airport. Shanghai Pudong Port. Line 10 (Shanghai Metro) is a southwest-northeast line that provides connections to the residential districts of Yangpu and Hongkou through the center of Shanghai. Line 17 (Shanghai Metro) goes further west, serving the suburban district of Qingpu.
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Elevated roads have been built and opened to provide access to various destinations in Shanghai and neighboring cities.
Various other major Chinese cities are currently investing in the construction of similar transport hubs in their cities, including Hangzhou, Guangzhou and Shzh. The Shanghai government is committed to building another such hub in eastern Shanghai. Based on Shanghai Pudong International Airport, the planned “Pudong Interchange” consists of the existing airport and maglev station, with an additional high-speed station and several subway lines.
The Shanghai Intercity Maglev Station is currently in hibernation until a new maglev built by local engineers is ready. New maglev technology developed by CRRC in Qingdao is being tested at Tongji University in Shanghai. So far, the maglev has managed to reach a maximum speed of 600 km/h. China’s capital Beijing is building a 1.3 million square meter underground transport hub in its sub-city center in the southeastern district of Tongzhou. This megaproject began on November 30, 2019, and when completed in five years, it will be one of the largest underground transportation hubs in the world.
About 450,000 people a day will pass between the three subway lines and two high-speed rail lines connecting Beijing’s airports and the Universal Studios theme park. The center has the idea of transit-oriented development (TOD).
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The top international and national designers involved in the project studied TOD projects such as the Hongqiao Integrated Hub in Shanghai and West Kowloon Station in Hong Kong, China and La Défense Station in France.
But what exactly is TOD? The Beijing interchange currently under construction could be a good example – it is not only a traffic hub, but also a public space for urban activities.
As China’s fifth-generation transportation hub, this three-layer underground hub integrates the giant project with the city itself, according to He Yi, manager of the Beijing Sub-Civic Center project management office.
In the hub, floor B3 is designed as a track area and B2 will be an exit area as well as a waiting area. B1 is an arrival space, and the ground floor will be an extension of the urban landscape, according to Li Jinshan, a designer at the Beijing General Institute of Urban Engineering Design and Research.
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“People at ground level will not realize that there is a traffic junction below. Passengers can only experience it by going underground,” said Jiao Min, a designer at Jingtou Construction of Transport Hub Investment Company.
“We cannot separate ecology from people’s quality of life,” said Luc Neouze, director and architect at AREP, who has worked on the project for three years and has lived in China for eight years.
Neouze told CGTN that understanding Chinese culture, history and passion for the country are important for cooperation with Chinese institutes in such a project. “We work in China because we love China,” said the French architect.
“The Forbidden City in Beijing was built from trees, and the wood was shipped by ship across the Grand Canal from southern China,” Neouze said. Tongzhou is located at the northern end of the ancient Beijing-Hangzhou Canal, which has a history of more than 2,000 years. Since ancient times, Tongzhou has been a traffic center thanks to the canal.
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“We want to understand the history of Tongzhou, which will provide a vision for the future,” Neouze said. He pointed out that the term TOD was not invented in the 21st century, but existed throughout history connecting the flow of people and development.
More than 1,300 years ago, the Tongzhou Canal had a harbor that served as a form of TOD due to the flow of people. The crossroads on China’s Silk Road more than 600 years ago was a different kind of TOD because of the flow of people and goods, the architect said.
The hub has some unique designs. One of the most special features is the natural light that shines down to the third underground level. “Natural light makes people feel better and safer because they know where the sun is, where the greenery is,” Neouze said.
Passengers can also tell if the trains they are waiting for have arrived because they can see the tracks below, according to Li Jinshan.
Global Logistics Hub
Natural light illuminates an underground platform in a transportation hub now under construction in Tongzhou District, Beijing, China. /CGTN Photo
Another detail is the green design of the hub. In order to plant more trees in the center, the designers plan to reserve as much land as possible after it is removed to create space, with the goal of eco-urban planning.
The smooth transfer of traffic will also make the interchange an outstanding model, where passengers will not experience any difficulty in transferring between the two underground lines.
Because China aims to eradicate extreme poverty by the end of 2020. Building a prosperous society in a humanized, sustainable and environmentally friendly way is a more advanced goal. Beijing Sub-Central Station Comprehensive Transportation Center is an example of the efforts of creative people at home and abroad to create a more livable city. New York is considered by many to be the greatest city in the world, always on the move, always full of hope. In this city, you can always see a large number of cyclists, people riding attractions, reading books in the park or renting a car in NYC. In terms of architecture, famous for its famous towers that touch the sky to historical museums, but interesting enough for its civic buildings, which are considered nothing less than landmarks, experienced and celebrated by thousands of people in New York every day. One such structure “The Oculus NYC” that shows the true spirit of New York is the new and improved transportation hub in lower Manhattan, built on the site of the demolished World Trade Center by the world-renowned architect Santiago Calatrava, who has an influence on the city full of high-rises from GROUND ZERO .
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The structure itself is a representation of a bird about to take off from the boy’s hands to show that no matter what obstacle the city faces, it will always be full of hope. The shape comes from a model the architect made 15 years before the project was completed
Work on the reconstruction of Oculus NYC began immediately after the incidents of 9/11, but the project took 14 years and opened in February 2016, 7 years late, which the architect explained with his idea. use this time to build for a new generation of the city
With an estimated budget of $2 billion when proposed in 2004, it ended up costing twice that, at $4 billion, making it the most expensive train station in the world.
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Approximately 11,500 tons of steel were used in the construction of this huge structure, and the steel used was so specialized that only 4 companies in